Kingston Society member Tony Lancaster presented his take on 10,000 years of city making; with notable contributions form Europe and the USA; more than a century of English planning legislation and the implications of the recent White Paper: Planning for the Future, and how this leads to the formation of a Citizens’ Panel in Kingston to respond to the Local Plan consultation which is to be informed by the new National Model Design Code. Complicated ? Yes it is. Oh, and does the Levelling Up White Paper undo all of this? And of equal importance who is going to pay for it?